What do hypochlorite mean?
A hypochlorite is a chemical compound containing the molecular ion of chlorine and oxygen (hypochlorite ion OCl-) and a counter-ion such as sodium or calcium. A hypochlorite is also referred to as an ester or salt of hypochlorous acid.
Why is ClO called hypochlorite?
Hypochlorite is a chlorine oxoanion, a chlorine oxide and a monovalent inorganic anion. It is a conjugate base of a hypochlorous acid. Hypochlorite is an ion composed of chlorine and oxygen with the chemical formula ClO−.
What does Hypo mean in hypochlorite?
hypo- hyp- A prefix that means “beneath“ or “below,” as in hypodermic, below the skin. It also means “less than normal,” especially in medical terms like hypoglycemia. In the names of chemical compounds, it means “at the lowest state of oxidation,” as in sodium hypochlorite.
Is hypochlorite and bleach the same?
The difference between sodium hypochlorite and bleach is in the consistency of the substance. Sodium hypochlorite is a powder that can be mixed with water to create bleach. Bleach, on the other hand, is liquid and is simply the finished product that is the result of combining powdered sodium hypochlorite and water.
What is another name for hypochlorite?
|IUPAC name Sodium hypochlorite|
|Other names Antiformin Bleach Chloride of soda In dilution: Carrel-Dakin solution Modified Dakin’s solution Surgical chlorinated soda solution|
|CAS Number||7681-52-9 (anhydrous) 10022-70-5 (pentahydrate)|
What is the difference between Hypochloride and hypochlorite?
Correct spelling is Sodium hypochlorite and formula is NaOCl; sodiumhypochloride is a misspelling. A. The type of bleach you are talking about is sodium hypochlorite — there is no such thing as sodium hypochloride.
How do you make hypochlorite?
Sodium hypochlorite can be produced in two ways: – By dissolving salt in softened water, which results in a concentrated brine solution. The solution is electrolyzed and forms a sodium hypochlorite solution in water.
What does the Greek root word hypo mean?
under : beneath
1 : under : beneath : down hypoblast hypodermic. 2 : less than normal or normally hypesthesia hypotension.
How many Oxygens does hypochlorite have?
one oxygen atom
It means only one oxygen atom. Thus, sodium hypochlorite is NaOCl. That’s the main ingredient in bleach. The “hypo” distinguishes this chemical from sodium chlorite, which is NaClO2.
What is sodium hypochlorite common name?
Sodium hypochlorite, commonly referred to as bleach, has a variety of uses and is an excellent disinfectant/antimicrobial agent.
Is sodium hypochlorite harmful to humans?
Sodium hypochlorite is corrosive and may irritate the skin or cause burning, pain, inflammation and blisters. Ocular exposure can cause irritation, pain, lacrimation and photophobia.
What happens when sodium hypochlorite is added to water?
When sodium hypochlorite is added to water, it forms an OCl- (hypochlorite) ion that is called free chlorine. This ion should not be confused with chlorine gas. Free chlorine is what most municipal water treatment facilities use for disinfection.
Is the root hypo Latin or Greek?
Both hyper and hypo are usually used as prefixes, which are elements or partial words added to the beginning of a base word to modify its meaning. Hyper is derived from the Greek word for over, and hypo is a Greek word that means under.
What does the medical prefix Brady mean?
Brady- = prefix denoting slowness. Bradycardia = slowing of heart rate to less than 50 beats per minute. Bradylalia = abnormally slow speech.
What are Hypers and hypos?
HYPER (HYPERGLYCAEMIA) The opposite of a hypo is a hyper (in full: hyperglycemia). The blood sugar level is then too high, i.e. above 11.1 mmol/l. A hyper indicates that you have too little or no insulin in your body.
What is worse low or high blood sugar?
Both low and high blood-sugar levels lead to serious health consequences. High blood sugar may cause nausea, vomiting, or shortness of breath, while low blood sugar may cause confusion, dizziness, blurred vision, seizures, unconsciousness, or even death, McDermott explains.
Is 17 a high blood sugar level?
If your blood sugar levels are consistently high (usually above 20 mmol/L in adults and above 14 mmol/L in children), you may have moderate to severe symptoms of high blood sugar.